Isaac emigrates from Poland to Canada and opens his harness shop in the heart of Toronto's Kensington market area. His son Sam was taught the trade of harness making in the Centre Avenue shop in 1948 at the age of twelve.
National austerity measures before and during World War II meant demand for harness parts and repairs in Canada increased.
The Royal Winter Fair opens its doors once again following World War II, and Sam sees the opportunity for a new business in making show harness.
The new scene in Toronto is night-time harness racing at Greenwood Raceway. Shop production increases to over 1000 sets of Standardbred race harness a year.
Cynthia Haydon, trainer for John Angus "Bud" McDougald at his Green Meadows estate on Leslie Street in Toronto, carries Sam's work back to England, turning the company's client base global.